Micro‐stromatolitic laminations and the origins of engraved, oxalate‐rich accretions from Australian rock art shelters
Helen Green, Andrew Gleadow, Damien Finch, Cecilia Myers, Jenna McGovern.
Dating correlated microlayers in oxalate accretions from rock art shelters: New archives of paleoenvironments and human activity
Helen Green, Andrew Gleadow, Vladimir A. Levchenko, Damien Finch, Cecilia Myers, Jenna McGovern, Pauline Heaney, Robyn Pickering.
Journal of Anthropological Archaeology
Identifying humans and nonhuman animals in the rock art from north-eastern Kimberley, Australia
Ana Paula Motta, Peter M. Veth, Balanggarra Aboriginal Corporation.
Journal of Social Archaeology
Metal burial: Understanding caching behaviour and contact material culture in Australia’s NE Kimberley
Sam Harper, Ian Waina, Ambrose Chalarimeri, Sven Ouzman, Martin Porr, Pauline Heaney, Peter Veth, Kim Akerman, Balanggarra Aboriginal Corporation.
Nature Human Behaviour
Ages for Australia’s oldest rock paintings
Damien Finch, Andrew Gleadow, Janet Hergt, Pauline Heaney, Helen Green, Cecilia Myers, Peter Veth, Sam Harper, Sven Ouzman and Vladimir A. Levchenko.
Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory
Investigating the Anthropic Construction of Rock Art Sites Through Archaeomorphology: the Case of Borologa, Kimberley, Australia.
Delannoy, J. J., David, B., Genuite, K., Gunn, R., Finch, D., Ouzman, S., Green, H., Peter Veth, P., Harper, S. & Skelly, R. J. (2020).
12,000-Year-old Aboriginal rock art from the Kimberley region, Western Australia
Damien Finch, Andrew Gleadow, Janet Hergt, Vladimir A. Levchenko, Pauline Heaney, Peter Veth, Sam Harper, Sven Ouzman, Cecilia Myers5, Helen Green, February 2020.
C Smith, (ed.), Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology
Kimberley Rock Art
Sam Harper, Peter Veth, Sven Ouzman, January 2020.
‘Kimberley Stout figures’: a new rock art style for Kimberley rock art, North-Western Australia
Robert Gunn, Bruno David, Leigh Douglas, Jean-Jacques Delannoy, Sam Harper, Pauline Heaney, Sven Ouzman & Peter Veth, November 2019
Minjiwarra: archaeological evidence of human occupation of Australia’s northern Kimberley by 50,000 BP
Peter Veth, Kane Ditchfield, Mark Bateman, Sven Ouzman, Marine Benoit, Ana Paula Motta, Darrell Lewis, Sam Harper & Balanggarra Aboriginal Corporation, August 2019
Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia
Settling the West: 50,000 years in a changing land
Joe Dortch, Jane Balme, Jo McDonald, Kate Morse, Sue O’Connor, Peter Veth, July 2019
Dating painting events through by-products of ochre processing: Borologa 1 Rockshelter, Kimberley, Australia
Bruno David, Jean-Jacques Delannoy, Fiona Petchey, Robert Gunn, Jillian Huntley, Peter Veth, Kim Genuite, Robert J. Skelly, Jerome Mialanes, Sam Harper, Sven Ouzman, Balanggarra Aboriginal Corporation, Pauline Heaney, Vanessa Wong, May 2019
New developments in the radiocarbon dating of mud wasp nests
Damien Finch, Andrew Gleadow, Janet Hergt, Vladimir Levchenko, David Fink, March 2019
Cambridge Archaeological Journal
From Top Down Under: New Insights into the Social Significance of Superimpositions in the Rock Art of Northern Kimberley, Australia
Ana Paula Motta, February 2019
Archaeology in Oceania
Long-term occupation on the edge of the desert: Riwi Cave in the southern Kimberley, Western Australia
Jane Balme, Sue O’Connor, Tim Maloney, Dorcas Vannieuwenhuyse, Ken Aplin, India Ella Dilkes-Hall, 2018.
Quaternary Science Reviews
Carpenters Gap 1: A 47,000 year old record of indigenous adaption and innovation
Tim Maloney, Sue O’Connor, Rachel Wood, Ken Aplin, Jane Balme, 2108.
The curious case of Proteaceae: macrobotanical investigations at Mount Behn rockshelter, Bunuba country, Western Australia
Rose Whitau, India Ella Dilkes-Hall, Dorcas Vannieuwenhuyse, Sue O’Connor, Jane Balme 2018.
Not Just for Show: The archaeology of beads, beadwork and personal ornaments. Oxford: Oxbow books.
Traditions and change in scaphopod shell beads in northern Australia from the Pleistocene to the recent past. In D. Bar-Yosef, A. Choyke and C. Bonsall (eds)
Balme, J. and S. O’Connor , 2017
Home Is Where the Hearth Is: Anthracological and Microstratigraphic Analyses of Pleistocene and Holocene Combustion Features, Riwi Cave (Kimberley, Western Australia).
Rose Whitau, Dorcas Vannieuwenhuyse Emilie Dotte-Sarout, Jane Balme, Sue O’Connor 2017.
Journal of Vegetation Science
Forgotten impacts of European land-use on riparian and savanna vegetation in northwest Australia.
Simon E. Connor, Larissa Schneider, Jessica Trezise, Susan Rule, Russell L. Barrett, Atun Zawadzki, Simon G. Haberle.
The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Rock Art.
“Plants Before Animals? Aboriginal rock art as evidence of ecoscaping in Australia’s Kimberley”
Ouzman, S., Veth, P., Myers, C., Heaney, P. and K. Kenneally 2017 in David, B. and I. J. McNiven (eds). Oxford Handbooks Online doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190607357.013.31
Home Is Where the Hearth Is: Anthracological and Microstratigraphic Analyses of Pleistocene and Holocene Combustion Features, Riwi Cave (Kimberley, Western Australia)
Rose Whitau, Dorcas Vannieuwenhuyse and Emilie Dotte-Sarou, Volume 24, Number 4, Dec 2017.
Untangling geochronological complexity in organic spring deposits using multiple dating methods
Emily Fielda, Sam Marx, Jordahna Haig, Jan-Hendrik Maye, Geraldine Jacobsen, Atun Zawadzki, David Child, Henk Heijnis, Michael Hotchkis, Hamish McGowan and Patrick Moss. Volume 43, February 2018, pp 50-71.
A late Quaternary record of monsoon variability in the northwest Kimberley, Australia
Emily Field, Hamish A. McGowan, Patrick T. Moss, Samuel K. Marx. Feb 2017
Plants before farming: The deep history of plant-use and representation in the rock art of Australia’s Kimberley region.
Peter Veth, Cecilia Myers, Pauline Heaney, Sven Ouzman Feb 2017
The effect of retouch intensity on mid to late Holocene unifacial and bifacial points from the Kimberley
Tim Ryan Maloney, Sue O’Connor & Jane Balme July 2017
Rock Art Research
A port scene, identity and rock art of the inland Kimberley, Western Australia.
Balme, J. & S. O’Connor 2015.
Rock Art Research 32(1):75-83.
Journal of Archaeological Science
Settling in Sahul: Investigating environmental and human history interactions through micromorphological analyses in tropical semi-arid north-west Australia.
Vannieuwenhuyse, D., S. O’Connor & J. Balme 2017
Journal of Archaeological Science 77: 172-193.
Plants before farming: The deep history of plant-use and representation in the rock art of Australia’s Kimberley region
Veth, P., Myers, C., Heaney, P. and S. Ouzman 2016
A 600-year-old Boomerang fragment from RiwiCave(South Central Kimberley, Western Australia)
Michelle C. Langley, India Ella Dilkes-Hall, Jane Balme & Sue O’Connor 12 May 2016.
Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports
X-ray computed microtomography and the identification of wood taxa selected for archaeological artefact manufacture: Rare examples from Australian contexts.
Rose Whitau, India Ella Dilkes-Hall, Emilie Dotte-Sarout, Michelle C. Langley, Jane Balme, Sue O’Connor 2016.
Settling in Sahul: Investigating environmental and human history interactions through micromorphological analyses in tropical semi-arid north-west Australia
Dorcas Vannieuwenhuyse, Sue O’Connor, Jane Balme January 2016.
World’s earliest ground-edge axe production coincides with human colonization of Australia
Hiscock, P., S. O’Connor, J. Balme and T. Maloney; 2016
Re-excavation of Djuru, a Holocene rockshelter in the southern Kimberley, north Western Australia
Maloney, T., S. O’Connor, D. Vannieuwenhuyse, J. Balme, J. Fyfe; 2016
Journal of Archaeological Science Reports
Dingoes and Aboriginal social organisation in Holocene Australia
Balme, J. and S. O’Connor; 2016
See–saw relationship of the Holocene East
Asian–Australian summer monsoon
Deniz Eroglu1,2, Fiona H. McRobie3, Ibrahim Ozken1,4, Thomas Stemler5, Karl-Heinz Wyrwoll3,
Sebastian F.M. Breitenbach6, Norbert Marwan1 & Ju¨rgen Kurths1,2,7
Towards an Accurate and Precise Chronology for the Colonization of Australia: The Example of Riwi, Kimberley,Western Australia.
Wood, R., Z. Jacobs, D. Vannieuwenhuyse, J. Balme, S. O’Connor & R. Whitau 2016
Wood in press Wood charcoal analysis at Riwi cave, Gooniyandi country, Western Australia.
Whitau, R., J. Balme, S. O’Connor & R. Wood, 2016
Transient coupling relationships of the Holocene Australian monsoon
F.H. McRobie, T. Stemler, K.-H. Wyrwoll May 2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Extreme rainfall activity in the Australian tropics reflects changes in the El Nino/Southern Oscillation over the last two millennia.
Rhawn Denniston, Gabriele Villarini, Angelique Gonzales, Karl-Heinz Wyrwoll, Victor Polyak, Caroline Ummenhofer, Matthew Lachinet, Alan Wanamaker, William Humphreys, David Woods and John Cugley March 2015
Australian Archaeology Journal
Aboriginal landscape burning and its impact on the summer monsoon of northern Australia.
Karl-Heinz Wyrwoll and Michael Notaro December 2014.
Occupation at Carpenters Gap 3, Windjana Gorge, Kimberley, WA.
Sue O’Connor, Tim Maloney, Dorcas Vannieuwenhuse, Jane Balme and Rachel Wood June 2014
The first Australian Synchrotron powder diffraction analysis of pigment froma Wandjina motif in the Kimberley, Western Australia
Jillian Huntley,Helen Brand, Maxime Aubert and Michael J. Morwood June 2014
Results from the first intensive dating program for pigment art in the Australian arid zone: insights into recent social complexity
Jo McDonald, Peter Veth, Karen Steelman, Jeremy Mackey, Josh Loewen, Casey Thuber, TP Guilderson
Dating point technology in the Kimberley.
Maloney, T., S. O’Connor & J. Balme 2014.
Archaeology in Oceania 49:137-147.
Book review of A Companion to Rock Art
edited by Jo McDonald and Peter Veth Wiley Blackwell, 2013
One colour, (at least) two Minerals: A study of Mulberry rock art pigment and a Mulberry pigment ‘quarry’ from the Kimberley, Northern Australia
J Huntley, M. Aubert, J Ross, HEA Brand and MJ Morwood, 2013
Quaternary Science Review
A Stalagmite record of Holocene IndonesianeAustralian summermonsoon variability from the Australian tropics
Rhawn F. Denniston a, Karl-Heinz Wyrwoll, Victor J. Polyak, Josephine R. Brown,Yemane Asmerom, Alan D. Wanamaker Jr., Zachary LaPointe, Rebecca Ellerbroek, Michael Barthelmes a, Daniel Cleary a, John Cugley, David Woods, William F. Humphreys, August 2013
North Atlantic forcing of millennial-scale Indo-Australian monsoon dynamics during the Last Glacial period
Rhawn F. Denniston, Karl-Heinz Wyrwoll, Yemane Asmeromc, Victor J. Polyak,William F. Humphreys, John Cugley, David Woods, Zachary LaPointe, Julian Peota, Elizabeth Greaves, June 2013
Marking resistance? Change and continuity in the recent rock art of the southern Kimberley Australia.
Sue O’Connor, Jane Balme, Jane Fyfe, June Oscar, Mona Oscar, June Davis, Helen Malo, Rosemary Nugget & Dorothy Surprise, 2013
A Burning Question
Karl-Heinz Wywroll (UWA), Michael Notaro & Guangshan Chen,July/August
Journal of Archaeological Science 39 (2012)
A review of rock art dating in the Kimberley, WA
Maxime Aubert (Uni of Wollongong)
Orbital time-scale circulation controls of the Australian summer monsoon: a possible role for mid-latitude Southern Hemisphere forcing?
Karl-Heinz Wyrwoll, Jennifer M.Hopwood, Guangshan Chen
American Geophysical Union
Did Aboriginal forest burning affect Australian summer monsoon?
Michael Notaro, Karl-Heinz Wyrwoll & Guangshan Chen, 23 June 2011
Geophysical Research Letters
Vegetation Impact on Australian Monsoon
Michael Notaro, Karl-Heinz Wyrwoll & Guangshan Chen, 15 June 2011
Bruno David has published a book on cave art. Deep underground, hidden from view, some of humanity’s earliest artistic endeavors have lain buried for thousands of years. Read the full review by Meg Conkey, Professor Emerita, University of California, Berkeley
Published by Thames & Hudson World of Art
Taken by the first Swedish scientific expedition to Australia
From prints held by the National Museum of Ethnography, Stockholm.
Organised and annotated by Kim Akerman
Published by Hesperian Press 2017
Wanjina: Notes on Some Iconic Ancestral Beings of the Northern Kimberley
Kim Akerman has written an essay crystallising his thoughts relating to Wanjinas that have accumulated over the past forty years. The Kimberley Foundation Australia congratulates Kim for his scholarship. Read the review by Nicolas Rothwell in The Australian.
Wanjinas are cosmological Beings represented in the rock art of the central and northern Kimberley region of Western Australia. Evidence suggests that Wanjina rock paintings were made at least as far back as 4000 years ago and continue to be made and renewed today.
Images of Wanjina Beings are usually characterised by halo-like headdresses and mouthless faces with large round eyes, fringed with eyelashes, set either side of an ovate nose. Most Wanjina images found as rock art are depicted without a mouth, although on some more recent works on bark, boards, or canvas the mouth and teeth are indicated.
This essay provides details on the appearance, nature and powers of Wanjina. It also presents information on their mythology. A series of appendices is included with a range of ethnographic, mythic and related information.
Kim Akerman acknowledges the debt he owes in the writing of this essay and the opportunities he has had to work with and alongside Mowanjum Worrorra Elders of the 1960s and in the 1970s and 1980s the Ngarinyin and Wunambal senior men and women.
VIC NGV Store – Federation Square
NSW Abbeys Bookshop – 131 York Street, Sydney
WA Serendipity Books West Leederville, State Library Bookshop, Boffin’s Bookshop, Lane Bookshop Claremont – Perth; Short Street Gallery – Broome
TAS Artmob and the Hobart Bookshop
Direct with Hesperian Press
Australia has some of the best and oldest rock art in the world, but much of it is difficult to access in rugged wilderness terrain.
Now some of this art is available to all in a series of high quality books that are proudly printed in Australia. A three-volume series on the prolific rock art of the Kimberley has been published by Mike Donaldson, a geologist and bushwalker who has been documenting rock art sites for more than 30 years.
The Kimberley Rock Art 3-Volume set is available online at Wildrocks Publications.
A Companion to Rock Art
A Companion to Rock Art offers an unparalleled overview of a field that has evolved significantly within the last two decades. A range of interpretive frameworks within which petroglyph and pictograph art forms can be understood is examined in detail. This exciting field of enquiry continues to engage both researchers and the general public, with the search for elusive meanings in the images. Whether they were produced for the exchange of information; for secular or sacred purposes, for signalling alliance networks and identity; or as legacies of origin narratives are just some of the challenging questions that confront the modern archaeologist. This Companion is an authoritative guide for researchers, instructors, and students in anthropology, archaeology, religious studies and prehistoric art.
Edited by Jo McDonald and Peter Veth. Published by Wiley-Blackwell
Kimberley History: People, Exploration and Development
Western Australia’s Kimberley region embraces one of the world’s last great wilderness areas. The region has a fascinating indigenous and early European history. Archaeological evidence indicates that Aboriginal occupation of the Kimberley began between 53,000 and 60,000 years ago. Known European exploration of the Kimberley coastline commenced in 1644 and land based exploration in 1837.
Containing 15 papers by different authors, this lavish illustrated book is the proceedings of the Kimberley Society Kimberley History Seminar held at the University of Western Australia in 2010.
Kimberley History: People, Exploration and Development is available online at the Kimberley Society.
We acknowledge the Traditional Owners of the places in which we live and work. We recognise and respect the enduring relationship they have with their lands and waters, and honour the Elders, past and present.
WARNING: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are warned that this website may contain images and voices of deceased persons.
Disclaimer: Rock Art Australia does not use or promote rock art or any images of rock art for its own commercial gain. RAA is a registered DGR under subdivision 30-B of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.
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